HORKHEIMER, MAX (1895–1973), German sociologist. Born in Stuttgart, Horkheimer studied philosophy as well as sociology at German universities; he became professor of social philosophy at the University of Frankfurt in 1930 and director of the Institut fuer Sozialforschung in 1931. In 1933 Horkheimer emigrated to Paris and in 1934 to the U.S. where he continued the Institut fuer Sozialforschung in connection with Columbia University in New York. In 1941 Horkheimer settled in Los Angeles where he wrote Dialektik der Aufklaerung (together with Theodor Adorno); upon his return to New York he served as chief research consultant to the American Jewish Committee from 1945 to 1947, and in 1949–50 he edited, with Samuel Flowerman, a series of social-psychological treatises, Studies in Prejudice, which exerted considerable influence on the social sciences in the U.S. Horkheimer returned to Germany in 1948. He reestablished the Institut fuer Sozialforschung there and made it the center of the social sciences in Germany after the demise of the Nazi regime. He was a leading   member of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Soziologie, of the UNESCO Conference on Social Tensions, and of many German and American scientific associations. After 1954 Horkheimer also taught at the University of Chicago. Horkheimer's thinking combines a critical appraisal of the philosophy of the enlightenment with the positivistic methodology of the social sciences; his analysis of social-psychological trends has dialectic foundations. Under his influence a distinct school of sociological thought has emerged, centered around the Institut fuer Sozialforschung and the "Frankfurter Beitraege zur Soziologie" (see Adorno, Theodor ). Among Horkheimer's major works are Kants Kritik der Urteilskraft als Bindeglied zwischen theoretischer und praktischer Philosophie (1925), Anfaenge der buergerlichen Geschichtsphilosophie (1930), Eclipse of Reason (1947), Survey of the Social Sciences in Western Germany (1952), and Akademisches Studium. Begriff der Bildung. Fragen des Hochschulunterrichts (1953). (Werner J. Cahnman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Horkheimer, Max — born Feb. 14, 1895, Stuttgart, Ger. died July 7, 1973, Nürnberg German philosopher and social theorist. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy at the University of Frankfurt in 1922. In 1930 he became director of the university s newly founded… …   Universalium

  • Horkheimer, Max — (1895–1973)    Horkheimer’s contribution to Marxism consists in his role in creating the Frankfurt School and developing the “critical theory” that emerged from the school. Born in Stuttgart, Germany, Horkheimer was educated at the universities… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Horkheimer, Max — (1895 1973)    social theorist; chief organizer of the Frankfurt School s* intellectual life and proponent of its theoretical perspective, critical theory. Born to a Jewish textile manufacturer in Stuttgart, he reluc tantly entered the family… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Horkheimer, Max — (14 feb. 1895, Stuttgart, Alemania–7 jul. 1973, Nuremberg). Filósofo y teórico social alemán. Obtuvo su Ph.D. en filosofía en la Universidad de Francfort en 1922. En 1930 fue nombrado director del recién fundado Instituto de Investigaciones… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Horkheimer, Max — (1895 1973)    German sociol ogist. He was born in Stuttgart. He became professor of social philosophy at the University of Frankfurt am Main in 1930. He emigrated to Paris in 1933 and the following year went to the US. From 1945 to 1947 he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Horkheimer, Max — See Critical theory …   History of philosophy

  • Horkheimer, Max — (1895 1973) A leading member of the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research, he is best known in sociology for his critique of the dominant rationality of late capitalism . His most important books are The Eclipse of Reason (1947) and Critique of …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Horkheimer — Horkheimer, Max …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Max Horkheimer — et Theodor W. Adorno en avant plan, avec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Max Horkheimer — (front left), Theodor Adorno (front right), and Jürgen Habermas (in the background, right), in 1965 at Heidelberg. Full name Max Horkheimer Born February 14, 1895 …   Wikipedia

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